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Background Case 2015



State: Duna

Capital: Filo

Other Major city: Venega


Head of State: President Babozo

Official language: Elafi, Dina, English







Total: 2.651.009 km²

Terrain: The north-eastern part of Duna is a hilly area with a variety of impenetrable vegetation. The river ‘Dunant’ runs through this area and branches off to the west, running through the Capital Filo. The south-western part is a densely populated area. The east is generally flat and sandy.

Natural resources: Minerals (silver and platinum)

Climate: Warm and dry in the western part of Duna. The more south-east you go, the more heavy rain can occur. Especially in the months of March and April.

Natural hazards: annual downpours in the south-east of Duna.




Total: 4.216.103

Male: 2.181.101

Female: 2.035.002

Ethnicity: Sima (70%), Bass (10%) and Elif (20%)

Religion: Sumoelsa (69%), others (31%)



Location: The republic of Duna borders neighboring country Pistan in the north-west and Mauna in the north-east. In the South it shares a border with Barto, in the west it borders Bistro.



Historical overview


Duna is a centralized state, which is led by president Babozo. It was established in 1962 when it became independent from Mauno, its north-eastern neighbouring state.


Duna is composed by three ethnic groups: Sima (70 %), Bass (20 %) and Elif (10%). Elif is a minority that mostly lives in the east part (province Apia) of Duna. They are related to the population of Barto, a neighbouring country in the south-east. The minority Elif shares their language and culture with the population of Barto. Before the independence of Duna from Mauno, the border between Duna and Barto has always been disputed in the past as a consequence of many conflicts and ethnic violence.


The central government of Duna transferred certain political and administrative functions to the Apia region in 2002, by which Apia became semi-autonomous.


President Babozo is head of state since 2005. The Sima population has delivered the president for the last decades, which is not appreciated by the Elif and Bass population.



Duna is a centralized state. The central government consists mainly of members of the Sima population, just as the president. The current head of state is president Babozo. He is in office since 2005 and is re-elected for a second term which started in January 2011. Every six years there are new elections. No president may serve more than two terms in office.


ECURT, an acronym that stands for ‘Elif Comrades United for Rights and against Totalitarianism’ is a local political party in the Province of Apia. This party wants more autonomy for the province of Apia.





The majority of the Duna population lives on the western side of the continent. This is the richest region due to the mining activities in that area. Large quantities of silver and platinum are exported.


Another part of existence is agriculture. The most important products produced are sugarcane, peanuts, mangos and sweet potatoes. As the northern and eastern part is impenetrable it is not suitable for agriculture. The few fields that are available more to the South can only satisfy the local demand.


Apia is the poorest province of Duna. The Apia population is known for their special technique in making jewelry. The latter used to attract many tourists each year, especially from the neighboring country Barto. Since the presidency of Babozo and tensions tourism has deteriorated.



Humanitarian situation


Since 2000 the international situation of Duna with its neighboring countries has been relatively stable. However, the humanitarian situation within Duna has deteriorated since 1994, due to ethnical tensions.


The political choices president Babozo makes, indirectly favor the Sima population, which increases the unrest in the province of Apia. During the first term of president Babozo the agitation remains superficial, this however changed with the start of the second term. Mere verbal protest are swapped for protest of a more violent nature.



Military organization


The Duna Armed Force was created in 1963. Only one year after Duna’s independence from Mauno. The president is the supreme commander of the two branches: the Duna’s Army and the Duna’s Air Force.


Duna’s Army is the largest branch and consists of 38.000 combat-ready deployable ground troups. Military service is voluntary, although approval for participation has to be given by the president. Since 2012, President Babozo has increased the defense budget annually.