In Zambia the prevalence of HIV in adults was 17% in 2005. Zambia has the second highest number of orphans in Africa. HIV and AIDS account for half of the estimated 1.3 million orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) in the country. Urban children (27%) are more likely to be orphaned or become vulnerable than rural children (16%). Approximately 19% of OVC are double orphans, since AIDS is likely to lead to the death of both parents. Double orphans are particularly vulnerable and are less likely to be in school compared to children with atleast one living parent.
The purpose of the community HIV and AIDS programme is to contribute to the reduction of vulnerability to HIV and its impact, by preventing further HIV infections, by expanding treatment, care and support to orphans and vulnerable children, by reducing stigma and discrimination of the people affected by HIV, and by strengthening the capacity of the Zambian Red Cross in order to enable more effective planning, monitoring, evaluation and reporting practices, and resource mobilisation and management systems.
The project specifically targets orphans and vulnerable children, and youth, as well as their families, by peer education work and community mobilisation. Traditional healers, chiefs and communities at large will be sensitised on sexual reproductive health issues, partly through earlier training of traditional leaders. Through the International Federation Regional office in Southern Africa The Netherlands Red Cross will support the Zambian Red Cross that is implementing the project. The Regional office will also receive direct funding.
Kazungula district;-17.066 25.687
ZSesheke district;-16.75 24.3333
Disaster prevention and preparedness
Disaster Management Phase
Prevention and mitigation