2014's Ebola epidemic in West Africa is the largest to date, and the first ever outbreak in West Africa. The epidemic in the region began in Guinea and then spread to the neighbouring countries of Liberia and Sierra Leone. These three countries comprised the heart of the outbreak, having more than 11,000 deaths and over 28,000 cases between them. There were also smaller outbreaks in Senegal, Mali, and Nigeria. Nigeria had 21 Ebola cases and eight deaths, with 891 contacts that were followed up throughout the country. Nigeria was declared Ebola-free on 14 November 2014.
In seeking to control Ebola and prevent its spread, the Nigeria Red Cross carried out the following activities: beneficiary and social mobilisation, contact tracing and surveillance, and psychosocial support.
The targeted population were people from the communities where contacts were traced. Contact tracing was conducted in areas where there was either a case or a suspected case.
Ministerie van Buitenlandse Zaken
Material relief assistance and services
Disaster Management Phase