The main objective of this DREF emergencyp in Burundi is to provide lifesaving emergency services to newly arrived Congolese Refugees; including women, men and children in the provinces of Rumonge and Nyanza Lac for an initial period of three months. The emergency response interventions outlined in this EPoA will continue to be coordinated within the existing National Platform (coordinated by the Ministry of Security) and UNHCR, in broad consultation with the BRCS and other UN agencies. Refugees from DRC receive the following BRCS assistance: access to safe drinking water, basic sanitation (temporary latrines and hand washing facilities) and food distribution in cooperation with WFP. Sporadic inter-communal violence in the Ituri region of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and attacks by armed groups in North Kivu in December 2017 resulted in mass internal displacement and population movement of thousands of Congolese refugees into neighbouring countries, including Burundi.
Since 24 January 2018, the South-East border of Burundi, more specifically the shores of Lake Tanganyika, have been recording a massive influx of Congolese refugees fleeing confrontations between the DRC armed forces and armed groups. Clashes started in Sud-Kivu province, specifically in Fizi and Baraka territory, forcing people to escape the crossfire through overloaded boats. The territory was under militia control when the Congo Air forces
and ground troops intervened with the aim to recover the area.
Burundian authorities in Rumonge and Makamba provinces have been overwhelmed by the massive refugee influx and are unable to provide sufficient assistance to the newly arrived refugees, resulting in requests for immediate humanitarian assistance. BRCS presence in DREF operational area:
• In Rumonge the BRCS has a permanent staff of 5 and volunteers
• In Nyanza Lac Commune (Makamba Province) BRCS has a permanent staff of 2 and volunteers
Water, Sanitation and Hygiene
Total number of people affected: 40,000 people
Number of people to be assisted: 40,000 people (8,000 households)