The Appeal is using a community-based approach to strengthen community based surveillance and social mobilization to ensure that high risk households and communities are given information on how to protect themselves from cholera and are mobilized to take action to reduce the risk of cholera. From may 2015 a cholera outbreak is declared in Nyarugusu refugee camp on the Tanzanian/Burundi border. In next months cholera spread over several regions. The cumulative cholera cases is 19,969 and 314 mortalities up to march 2016. Cholera spread over Dar es Salaam, Morogoro, Kigoma, Dodoma, Geita, Mwanza, Mara, Arusha, Tabora, Tanga, Shinyanga, Singida and Coast, the island of Zanzibar, Iringa, Manyara and Mbeya.
To enable early detection and consistent monitoring of disease trends and community cases, the mobile rehydration strategy was implemented. To eliminate or contain the transmission of cholera, mass sensitisation on the risk of cholera and its transmission routes is being carried out. To break the chain of transmission cluster of cases have been identified. School children in targeted areas have access to hand washing facilities with soap and water and TRCS is equipped to provide life-saving support to CTCs.
Within the reporting period a total of 78,608 ORS sachets were distributed to the respective regions to 106,212 households. 400 volunteers were trained on Social Mobilisation, Cholera awareness and hygiene promotion. Between January and February 2016, a total of 106,212 households and 333,933 beneficiaries were reached with cholera awareness and hygiene promotion messages. These comprised of 152,346 males and 164,098 females.