Violence in South Sudan between government and opposition forces has created a complex humanitarian crisis. Large numbers are fleeing Sudan to Ethiopia because of conflict as well as food insecurity, human rights abuses, and lack of basic services in their latest areas of residence. Many refugees have gone through several rounds of displacement before arriving in Ethiopia. As of October 2015, Ethiopia hosts approximately 289,071 South Sudanese refugees, containing the largest refugee population in Africa. Ninety one per cent of South Sudanese refugees in Ethiopia are women and children, 71% of the adult population are women and 85% of the registered refugees live in camps.