Innovative approaches in response preparedness: Forecast-based financing, Data preparedness and Cash Transfer Programming in Uganda to reduce the impact of climate change on the most vulnerable people. Currently, many predictable extreme events result in disasters and suffering, which iscprojected to be aggravated by climate change. Using climate and weather forecasting, the impact of these events can be reduced and sometimes avoided if action is taken to prepare for disaster. Effective response preparedness has become even more critical, as in the last 10 years the number of people affected by crises has almost doubled, while the cost of international humanitarian aid has tripled. The proposed programme will target areas based on risk mapping using the INFORM risk framework throughout Uganda.
– Forecast-based Financing (FbF): By setting up an impact-based forecast system, which comprises Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) that include prioritized actions for pre-identified forecast-based triggers coupled with committed funding, both a plan and funding are available for early action to save valuable time (and money) in response.
– Data Preparedness: The use of data strengthens FbF in various ways. It supports the determination of forecast-based triggers and enables unbiased, quick and relatively low-cost targeting for early action based on a risk map that is compiled from open data of various stakeholders. Also, analysis of data over the years enables to get the historical perspective and helps predicting the future.
Cash Transfer Programming (CTP): By building up CTP capacity to be instantly ready when early action is triggered by forecasts, then cash distribution could be a relevant, cost-efficient and fast early action to support those at risk.
The proposed programme will target based on risk mapping. There is no pre-defined emphasis on gender, but gender and diversity guidelines will be mainstreamed into the programme. Special attention goes to refugee populations due to their increased vulnerability.