This revised Emergency Appeal seeks 25,062,572 Swiss francs (increased from 9,107,628 Swiss francs) to enable the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) to support the Kenya Red Cross Society (KRCS) in assisting 1,033,300 people (an increase from 340,786 people) for twelve months. The expanded operation will focus on the following sectors: Health, Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH), Livelihoods, Nutrition and Food Security. The Kenya Drought Emergency Appeal was launched in November 2016 seeking 3.8 million Swiss Francs to support 114,620 beneficiaries across 19 counties. The appeal was launched due to the poor performance of the long rains in March-May 2016. As a result, some pastoral and marginal farming communities in the arid and semi-arid lands (ASALs) of the country experienced moderate to severe drought. ASALs make up more than 80 per cent of the country’s land mass and are home to approximately 36 per cent of the population. The second revision of the emergency appeal is brought on by greater need for 1) Health and Nutrition 2) WASH and 3) Food Security and Livelihoods interventions in 14 counties, now including Laikipia county. On nutrition, there is a great increase in the number of people who require support, especially on the number of children with acute malnutrition.