Since April 2019, the security situation in the north-western part of Nigeria has deteriorated, particularly in the states of Zamfara, Sokoto and Katsina with the emergence of new militia armed groups. According to the Nigerien authorities, attacks by these armed groups began with cattle thefts in Katsina State, clashes between farmers and herders of different ethnic groups and vigilantism (self-justice In response to this situation, the authorities in Maradi region of Niger and Katsina State of Nigeria set up a mechanism to combat these armed groups through cross-border transhumance management. Unfortunately, the situation rapidly deteriorated as these armed groups changed their modus operandi by favouring kidnappings and instilling fear amongst the local population thus the influx continued to grow. As a result of the increased violence, approximately 20,000 people were forced to flee to the neighbouring Guidan Roumdji department of Niger. On 9 June 2019, during a meeting held at the governor’s office in Maradi, UNHCR revealed that the newly arrived refugees from Nigeria have experienced outbreak of extreme violence unleashed against civilians, including the use of machete, kidnappings and sexual violence. Dan Kano
community health and WASH.
15,000 people1 (2,143 households) – 10,817 refugees (1,546 households) – 4,183 people (597 households) from host