The needs are mainly related to water, sanitation and hygiene, health and care. Through water production activities, the URCS continues to provide water supplies in Kochi and Enyau water Treatment Unit, with a daily production of water respectively of 422 and 700 litres. Building on the experience acquired in surface and underground water treatment, in 2018 the URCS intends to take over Palorinya WTU from MSF-Holland, due to the ending of their operation in the country. The conflict in South Sudan began in December 2013. Figures from UNHCR (http://data.unhcr.org) show that out of 2.1 million South Sudanese who sought refuge in the region, 49.30% are hosted in Uganda. Refugees report fleeing South Sudan to escape fighting between armed groups and due to the lack of resources to respond to basic needs. Bidibidi and Imvepi Refugee Settlements with a multi-sector intervention on WASH, Health and Protection; Rhino Refugee Settlement with multi-sector intervention on WASH and Protection; Palornia with a proposed WASH intervention.
Immediate survival and basic needs of South Sudanese refugees are met through the provision of water, sanitation services, hygiene promotion and health as well as strengthening the emergency preparedness and response capacity of the URCS. The Emergency Appeal is being revised to enable the IFRC to support the URCS in its gradual transition from an emergency mode to the adoption of longer-term solutions with a two- phases approach.
The operation continues targeting the most vulnerable and in particular women and children who represent respectively 52% and 62% over the total South Sudanese refugee population in Uganda. In addition to that People with Specific Needs(PwSN), acquired particular importance as direct beneficiaries of hygiene activities.